Buddha Purnima: How Gautama Became a Buddha | Sadhguru
Intoxication is the nature of the moon tch, May 10th isa special Pournami or a special full moon day becauseit’s called Buddha Pournami. This is the day Gautama,the Buddha got enlightened, you know this?This year it’s on 10th of May. This full moon dayis the day Gautama, the Buddha got enlightened. There are many aspects to his life- the mostimportant aspect is that he is a Bu Dha,that’s not his name. His name isGautama Siddhartha but he is a Buddha. Buddha means- he transcended his intellect. Bu means buddhi, dha means dhadha. Buddhi means the intellect; dhadha means one whois above. One who is above his intellect is a Buddha. One who is in his intellect is a non-stopsuffering human being . Something happens they suffer, nothing happensthey suffer, whichever way . That is if you are below the mind we call them buddhu . You’re missing the point. If you are above the mind, you are a Buddha,if you are below the mind you are a buddhu,if you are in the mind, you are non-stop suffering . So how did he become this? He tried many things in his life. He was a prince of a small princely state. Becausesome yogi predicted that this will eitherbecome a great emperor or become a great sage. When he made this prediction,the father got little excited. He did not want him to become a great sage;he wanted to become a great emperor. So he decided he will not expose him to…because he thought by being exposed to somesuffering or misery, he may turn into a sage. So he kept him in utter pleasure- the bestof food, best of clothes, best of pleasures, everything. When he was eight… nineteen years of age,he got him married to a very pretty young woman. Kept him in a palace secluded form the restof the society where he lives in pleasure,never exposed to any kind of suffering. One day he thought he will just take a drive throughthe town. He asked his charioteer to take him across. So he was going and then he saw a man whowas old, who was going like this . So he had never seen a old man in his life,his father had protected him from all this. He said, ‘what happened to him?’ So thecharioteer, Oh! He is just a old man. ’‘How does it happen’ he asked. He said, ‘everybody gets old someday. ’He looked at himself, he was a nice youth. ‘What! Me also?’ Said, ‘yes, everybody! Everybody gets old. They live long enough, they get old. ’ He… this was a realization for him. I will become like this . Then he saw a man lying on the street who was illwith something, not able to get up, in great suffering. He said, ‘stop! What is this guy? What’s he doing?’ He said, ‘Oh! He is sick unfortunately. ’‘What does that mean?’ He said, ‘a body,sometimes it gets sick. It can happen to anybody. It can happen to just anybody. ’ ‘Me? A Prince! It can happen to me?’ ‘It can happen to anybody. Then he saw, oh! I can become like this. Then they were going further, he was completelydisturbed by this, then he saw a funeral,they were carrying a dead body of a man. ‘What happened to that guy?’ ‘Oh, he just died that’s all. ’‘What does that mean?’ ‘That happens to everybodywithout exception. ’ Then he said, ‘what am I doing?Just eating, pleasures, nonsense,what am I doing with myself?And he struggled; he wentinto turmoil within himself. This suddenly being a prince and these pleasuresand all this palace sudd… suddenlybroke apart for him and he started looking, whatis the point of all this. This is going to getold, this may get sick, for sure this will be dead. What am I investing my entire life in this? But by then he had an infant boy. Tch, he looked at his wife and his child,this loving wife and this lovely little baby,he could not leave. He struggled and struggled andstruggled. By then a little over one-and-a-quarter yearspassed. When the boy was one-and-a-half years of age,he could not hold it anymore. In the middle of the night, like a thief, without tellinganybody he slipped out of the palace and left for good. He went in search; I want to know the truthabout this life. He went from school to school-these are times when differentschools were established in India. At one point there were over 1800 schools,I’m saying not just institutions. 1800 different ways of doing things, 1800different varieties of yoga. Not the kind that you are seeing in California,somebody doing like this , somebodydoing like this , really intricateexpressions. It is like how the Medical Science is becoming today. Twenty-five years ago, you wanted a medical check-up. All you needed was your family doctor. Today for every part of your body, there is a doctor. I was few years ago I had a, you know, I had a knee injuryI was playing soccer and I broke something in the knee. And I was all packed up and I was speaking, that’s howI got into golf because of this knee injury . Somebody told me… gifted mea golf kit and said, ‘Sadhguru you’retoo old for any other game , youjust play golf. ’So I was sitting there in Atlanta and talking, speakingat a place. Then I was in pain, I couldn’t even move. So, after the… when this is over…I mean when I was speaking, one person raisedhis hand, I thought he wants a question. But then he said, ‘Sadhguru I would like to examineyour knee after this is over. I’m a knee doctor. ’I said, ‘come on, you are an orthopedic. ’ Said, ‘no, no,I’m a knee doctor. ’ Then I said, ‘right or left ?Which one are you?’ So specialization,specialization is going. A time will come probably in fifty years’time, if you want a medical check-up, youneed one hundred doctors to check you. By the time you get these one hundred appointments , maybe you need an undertaker. Then it’ll become ridiculous. Okay you went to threedoctors, alright. You went to five doctors, alright. If it becomes fifty-hundred doctors for amedical check-up, it’s become ridiculous, isn’t it?This happened to yogic system- people startedspecializing and specializing in variety of small things. Each specialization has a whole thing by itself. Someone just came and told me, there are dentist…okay, I am not speaking in any this thing. For example dentistry, just thirty-two teeth,alright? They study for nine years. Thirty-two teeth, nine years of study still they don’tknow everything about it. That’s the nature of creation. If you start studying one tooth at a time, you will seeeach one of them has something specific about it. You… somebody can spend a lifetime of studyjust learning about one tooth, just see ifyou had thirty-two dentist to look into yourmouth , disaster you are, isn’t it ?So as specialization, specialization happens,when it crosses a certain point, it’ll become ridiculous. This happened to yoga. It crossed that point where 1800schools, different specializations of yoga happened. So that is when Patanjali came and kind ofassimilated everything into Yoga Sutras tominimize this expanse that was growing endlessly. So when Gautam came, it was post-Patanjalibut still there were many things. So he went from school to school. He pursued eight different forms of Samadhi. We are talking about Samadhi, okay ?He pursued eight different forms of Samadhi. He saw allof them were wonderful experiencesbut still it did not liberate him. So in thiscondition he was walking as a Samana. There is a certain system of practicecalled as Samanas. Their fundamental practice is this- they will never askfor food. You should not go in pursuit of foodbecause they want to beatthe fundamental instinct of survival. No matter what you are always going in pursuitof food, please understand this. You may complicate it in so many ways butfundamentally… you’re talking so muchabout economy means you’re just thinkingabout survival all the time, isn’t it?Survival glorified, but still it is survival. So one fundamental sadhana for them is, younever pursue your instinct of survival,you simply keep going. So Samanas used to just walk,never asking for food. But the culture was sensitive, if they sawa spiritual person walking, people will cookat home and run behind him and serve him whereverhe is because they know he will not ask for food. Today if you become a Samana, you will walkyourself to death . Those days people were sensitive to his sadhanaand responded. So, there were thousands of Samanas walkingthe country. So Gautama became a Samana and even if youare not asking for food, you will walk near a town. Tch, so that food will come. But Gautama took it too seriously and just walked!He became all bones, just bones and a bagof skin, like that he became. Then he came to a place where there was ariver called Niranjana, unfortunately thatriver is gone now, no more river. Just about eighteen-to-twenty inches of water,maybe moving little rapidly. He stepped into it, halfway down into theriver he did not have the energy to cross. There was a tree branch, a dead branch, hejust held onto it. He doesn’t have the strength to take thenext step but he is not the kind of man to let go. He held on, we don’t know for how long, peoplesay for a very long time. Maybe it was two minutes,when you are feeling so weak, those two minutesmight have looked like many years. Then as he hung on, he just realized whatis it that I am striving for?What is it I’m wandering the entire country,going from school to school, learning this, learning that,what is it that I’m looking for? Then he realized,there’s really nothing, this life is on. All I have to do is just take away the barrierswhich are not allowing me to experience this. When he realized that everything is within him, thereis no way to search, suddenly he had the energy to takethe next step and the next step. He crossed the river,came and sat down under that now very famousBodhi tree, which has become more famousthan the Buddha himself . A part of the tree, a remnant or a… a progenyof the tree still exists in Bodhgayaand he sat under the tree, it was this full moonnight which is coming now on 10th of May. He sat there and he sat there with this determination-either I must see the ultimate nature of myexistence now or I will sit here and die,I will not open my eyes till I know this. Once he made that resolve, because the onlyproblem is there is no resolve, every twominutes your intentions are changing. If you are totally on, to know what is withinyou, how long should it take? Hmm?It should happen in a moment, isn’t it? Because there is no distance to travel. Time is a quantity which is necessary onlywhen there is a distance to travel, isn’t it?If there is no distance to travel, if I askyou how long does it take for you to sit here?You’re already siting, it’s already there. It doesn’t take any time. So you are already alive and on, it doesn’ttake any time for realization because youdon’t have to do anything particular. When he saw this, he was fully enlightenedand the moon was shining and he had not eatenfor many months on end properly, years actually,four years he was a Samana. And people around him, he had gathered aboutfive disciples I think, these guys thoughthe’s real because he doesn’t eat, he’sreally rigid. And they saw, he’s in some state, exuberantstate and they could see the light on his face. Then they were waiting for him to open hiseyes and give the teaching. He opened his eyes, looked at them, smiledand said, ‘cook something, let’s eat!’ . They were totally disappointed, they thoughthe’s lost it. They walked with him for four to eight yearswhen he had nothing but torture. When he got enlightened, they left him because they wanted to hear something severe. He said, ‘cook something, let’s eat. ’ We’ve been wasting our time . There are many beautiful episodes in his lifewhen he one day walked upon the riverbankafter he has become a Buddha and went andsat down under a tree. Tree not because tree is the best place tosit under, you know ants can get you. Because that was theonly real estate of those times,there were no buildingsand buildings and buildings everywhere. So tree was a good place, a pleasant place to sit underrather than sitting in harsh sun, you sit under a tree. An astrologer, who is of great proficiencyin his trade saw the footprint on the riverbank,he had come to… In India people of any thisthing means, bath means always river. Those rivers are going away, I will tell youlater. Bath means always river. So, he came for a bath to the river then he saw thefootprint there is a whole science or rather observationsthrough which by looking at the way one’s feetis somebody predicts exactly what he will do. So he saw the footprint and then he sawthat this is the footprint of an emperor,somebody who should rule the world. Then he wondered, why would such a personbe in this remote place near a jungle. Then he followed the footprint thinking hewill meet an emperor. Then he saw this monk-Gautama sitting under a tree. Then he looked at this, this… he thoughteither my astrology is gone all wrongor I’m being fooled or I’m in some kind of ahallucination, what’s happening here?Then he went to Gautama and asked,‘who are you?’Gautama was tch, in this kind of, Jasjeet kind of state , he said, ‘I’m nobody. I’m just a nobody. ’ But you have the feet of an emperor!You should conquer the world. Gautama said, ‘that I will but not by conquest. ’See, there are two ways you can have the world,either by conquest or by inclusion. Yes?I can make you yours, either by capturingyou, chaining you and making you do what I wantor by including you as a part of myself, yes? Bothways something or somebody becomes yours, isn’t it?But if you go by conquest, it will be a painin your neck always. If you include, this will become a great enhancementof life. He said, ‘I am the emperor of the world. ’Then he said, ‘you are a monk!You own nothing. ’I own nothing and I am a nobodythat is why everything is mine. Even mathematicians are trying to teach youthe zero and the infinite are one and the same, hmm?So you becoming a no-thingdoes not mean you are no use. You are a no-thing means you’ve become all inclusive,isn’t it? You are something means you can only be that. You are a no-thing; you can be any way you want. This is how this life is made, if your ability to respondis not curtailed, you can be anythingyou wish at any given moment, isn’t it?So Gautama said, ‘I’m anyway the emperorof the world if that’s a word you like butI’m actually a nobody because everythingis anyway mine. ’If you see I’m responsible for everything, everythingis yours, isn’t it? How does somebody become yours?Hmm? Because you own themor take responsibility for them?Because you take responsibility for them,they become yours not otherwise, isn’t it?If you own them forcefully, they will neverbe yours. Yes or no? Participants: Yes. Sadhguru: If you forcefully own somebody,will they ever be yours?They’ll never ever be yours. So this astrologer sat down. He said, ‘you are a monk, you have nothing,on top of it you say you are Jasjeet , I’m sorry ,on top of it you say I am a nobodyand everything is yours’ what is this? Gautama said,‘you come. I have a way for you. You are busy making predictions of life. I have a plan. ’ Why do you make predictions of life?You are incapable of making a plan and executinga plan, that is why you fall back on a…predictions, isn’t it? Yes or no?If you are capable of making a plan and executinga plan, would you fall back on predictions?Participants: No! Sadhguru: No. So, Gautama said, ‘you are busy making predictions. I am here, I have a plan. Come… become a part of my plan. We’ll make something else happen. You must become a part of this plan. WE can make something wonderful happen. This same world, this same world can be turnedinto paradise if all of sus… all of us goby a paradise plan, isn’t it? Yes or no?Participants: Yes. The question is only,do that… because between a possibilityand a reality there is a distance. Are… do we have the courage and the commitment towalk the distance? That’s all it is. Yes? Participants: Yes.